Annex A of the ISO 27001 standard consists of a list of security controls organizations can utilize to improve the security of their information assets. ISO 27001 comprises 114 controls divided into 14 sections, also known as domains. The sections are focused on information technology and beyond, taking into consideration the wide range of factors that can impact the security of an organization’s information environment. The 14 ISO domains cover organizational issues, human resources, IT, physical security, and legal issues. Organizations are not required to implement the entire list of ISO 27001’s controls but instead use it as a list of possibilities to consider based on their unique needs.
Utilizing the 114 controls listed in Annex A, a company can select those applicable to its needs and the needs of its customers. The 14 domains are: