January 12, 2024

How AI is transforming the future of trust

How is generative AI transforming trust? And what does it mean for companies — from startups to enterprises — to be trustworthy in an increasingly AI-driven world? 

These questions were top of mind at our second annual VantaCon, where Vanta co-founder and CEO Christina Cacioppo moderated a discussion with Aaron Levie (co-founder and CEO of Box), Nat Friedman (entrepreneur and investor), and Harrison Chase (CEO of Langchain) on the obstacles and opportunities ahead in the future of trust. 

Below are excerpts from the conversation, lightly edited and condensed for clarity. 

AI and trust: A new era of computing

Christina: To kick things off, how do you think about the broader theme of trust and AI? And what do you think is missing from the conversation today? 

Aaron: I think trust and AI are going to be the most connected concepts probably of any technology that I've seen in terms of the overlap between the need for trust and a technology movement. 

[With] cloud computing, you sort of had this psychological element of trust, which is, “Okay, I'm moving my infrastructure from my data center to the cloud. I'm nervous about that.”

But a lot of that was sort of an emotional issue and in our brains. We've had things like cybersecurity and an element of trust, but in that sense, that's still a pretty deterministic set of issues — here's how you control your cyber footprint, we have a zero trust environment, so that's how you protect assets. 

AI and trust is a whole new ballgame because the models themselves [are] probabilistic [and] we don't always understand the sources of information that go into the models or the training sets themselves. So I think we're in an era where we collectively are going to have to figure out what this all looks like and how we build an environment of high-trust AI. This is going to be an all new era of computing requiring trust in our infrastructure. 

Nat: I completely agree with that. I think a way to think about what's happening is that these large language models or deep learning models — they're like some kind of alien technology that crash landed on planet earth. We've been tinkering with them for the last couple of years and figuring out what they can and can't do. But we didn't exactly design them. We don't exactly know how they work. And so there's a lot of mystery to it…. They're a little bit of black boxes, and there's an entire field called interpretability, which is about trying to look at models and figure out, how are doing what they do, and what are the circuits that are being developed inside of here? So they're not engineered systems that we design. They're more like a stew (or something like that) and they grow. 

The design challenge that people have in building products around AI is how to take a model — which is very powerful and does amazing things that make you say, wow, but also often makes mistakes and makes errors — and build a product around it that makes it useful and something that you can rely on.

In what way do you design a human in the loop to validate and observe the outputs and make sure you're actually getting what you want? How does the trajectory of that change when we chase, as the models mature and we get more and more powerful capabilities, the mistakes into weirder and weirder corners that maybe become less common but more unexpected when they occur? 

This is a fundamental question about building products and AI. For product designers and people who are incorporating them, you just have to know that it's almost like hiring people. They're going to make mistakes. So how do you design an organization that's tolerant to mistakes that some people might make? Sometimes it's almost the same with AI. 

The design challenge that people have in building products around AI is how to take a model — which is very powerful and does amazing things that make you say, wow, but also often makes mistakes and makes errors — and build a product around it that makes it useful and something that you can rely on. - Nat Friedman

Balancing innovation and regulation

Christina: How do you think about keeping pace with innovation and new technologies and balancing that with what sounds like an oncoming wave of a patchwork of regulation? 

Aaron: I'm more skeptical that we'll see much regulation because of the open source wedge. I don't quite understand what you'd regulate at this stage in a way that would be meaningful and I think the countries that overregulate will have enough sort of negative reaction to economic challenges. So my take is that it's going to be very hard to essentially regulate AI. The best outcome is, I actually think the regulation should begin to really emerge within the agencies where the outcomes of AI are and where the impact is. So the FAA should care about how AI should show up in airplanes and the FDA should care about where AI shows up in medical devices. 

I think it'll be hard to essentially do that, which is then going to need more ways of managing all of that. How do you manage the different privacy requirements from a regulatory standpoint in every single industry, in every single compliance regime? And so I think my guess is that as regulators work through this environment, they're going to find it harder and harder to centrally regulate this stuff because what they're going to find is, to Nat's point, it's a bunch of numbers, and they're going to realize like, oh, we can't really control what's in this CSV file. And that will create a lot of downstream, new open questions. 

Nat: I hope that's true. I think you might be right. It's funny, it's almost like a new technology emerges and then in our companies we establish a center of excellence for that technology and then eventually it's just part of the way we do business. And maybe that's what'll happen in government. They're eager though. I agree that that would be correct though to regulate it sort of at the application level. Look, it's already illegal to make bio weapons. Do you need a new law? You don't really need a new law for that. So I think that may be what happens. 

I think we will see some attempts in the meantime to this question of what are the UIs and what are the applications? I think this is a really interesting question, and with each new generation of AI, it changes because we get more and more powerful and capable models. 

Right now, we're in the state where the models are pretty good, they have some intelligence in them, they can do some things well, but they're not sufficiently reliable, and not smart enough that it's obvious how to use them. In this intermediate stage that we're in before AI gets much more powerful, this is when the product design challenges are the largest because you have to figure out how to take something that has some power and some reliability issues and make it useful. 

Harrison: My sense is, on the UX side is that the different UXs probably allow different types of companies opportunities to take advantage. So I'd say like adding chat to a product, we've seen incumbents do that incredibly quickly and across a wide variety of industries. They have the data, they have the UI already, they have the platform that people are logging into. 

As the UXs maybe start to morph more and more away from just a chat box where it's easy to add that in,  if it becomes something more complicated and it's doing a lot of background work, there are real UX challenges in terms of: how do you communicate that to people, how do you build trust in what they're doing, what's does the human in the loop or on the loop look like? I think that maybe opens up the opportunity for just vastly different types of businesses and more startups to come along and innovate there. 

The power and potential of innovating with AI

Christina: We've talked a lot about some of the risks and the challenges [of AI] and a little bit of the opportunities, but I think we've maybe steered a little bit more on the risk side. So I wanted to close this out with a strong flip to the other side. Harrison, you're working on this space, and probably planning to for years and years to come. What was the moment where you [determined], this is what I want to do. 

Harrison: So my background is in ML and ML ops, and the specific thing was basically playing around with GPT-3 and basically seeing yeah, this is pretty good. They released some updates that kinda went under [the radar] and people didn't pay a lot of attention to them, but it got quite good. 

One thing in particular that makes me really excited about building a lot of these AI applications now is that the ML and AI component, when you build these applications, they're kind of almost like an application by itself.  It's not like one cog. But if you're building an agent, or if you're building a system to do question answering, yes, there's a lot of engineering to figure out, but that can be a product by itself. 

Christina: Nat, I know you've been in and around this space forever, but do you remember a moment or talking to where you're like, oh, this is good, the time is now, but the time is approaching the alien deposit has landed.

Nat: It was the same for me. When GPT-3 hit, I was completely blown away. I was CEO of GitHub and I said, “I don't know what, but we're going to build some product for developers with this.” And we entered this period of tinkering and prototyping and figuring out what worked and what didn't. We learned very quickly that the demo was always great with AI. Whatever idea we thought of, we built the demo, the proof of concept, it was always amazing. But then when you actually start using it, is it reliable? Does it really work? Can you trust it? Are you putting in more than you're getting out? That's about product design at this stage. 

The models are just going to get better. No one is stuck. If you go talk to the researchers who are pushing the frontier of AI capabilities right now, they have 200 ideas for how to improve them. They all sound plausible. They won't all work, but no one's out of ideas. We have a lot of ways to make things better, and there's even some level of convergence now around what are the likely paths forward to superhuman general intelligence. I'm basically like an AI maximalist. I think we will have universal remote workers. The population of your company will be primarily AI. It'll be increasingly neural over time. Whether this takes five years or 15 years, I don't know. But it'll happen because we're really good at innovating and making things better, and there's lots of ways to do that with AI. So it's just going to keep improving. 

"We imagine a world where anything that a human does on top of their data, now AI can do on top of your data." - Aaron Levie

Christina: [Aaron], do you have a GPT-3 story? 

Aaron: So I have a GPT-3.5 story — we were sleeping on the [GPT-3] and [GPT-2] waves. We had done this thing seven years ago called Box Skills, which was this framework for plugging into AI models, and we plugged into all the computer vision stuff. What we found was that it was extremely powerful, but very narrow. So customers would come to us and they would say, “Hey, we've got this great use case. Can you help us understand our data?” And we said, “Yes, here's this very niche model provider that is for real estate documents in the UK.” It was just so laborious to get it going, so customers didn't end up at the end of the funnel because of the complexity. So we were like, okay, well we have this framework, we have this infrastructure. We're ready to go the moment that something else happens in the future.

We watch GPT-2 and GPT-3. The chat GT interface was the thing that just blew our minds, and obviously the improvements in that model. Very quickly we strung it together with data in Box and the mindblowing thing was you could take a 50-page document and in three seconds get a response to, “Summarize this,” or “What are the legal risks in this contract?” or “Turn this marketing asset into a blog post.” 

As has been shared, we imagine a world where anything that a human does on top of their data, now AI can do on top of your data. Obviously we have a lot of interfaces that we have to figure out along the wa, but now imagine you have a thousand times more resources to throw at any problem in your business. 

What can you now do? How much more money can you make? How can you reduce risk? How can you make your business more efficient? This is sort of unlimited potential. 

I'm an AI maximalist and a human ingenuity maximalist in the sense that I actually think it's all good for everybody. If all of us had that kind of intelligence as a superpower, that actually means more jobs. It means more growth, it means more opportunity — not less — and not sort of in any kind of zero-sum way against what the humans are doing. I think we will find a way to make this a resource for growth and prosperity. So we're pretty excited. 

Want to see more from VantaCon? Watch all of the recordings here.


Determine if you need to comply with GDPR

Not all organizations are legally required to comply with the GDPR, so it’s important to know how this law applies to your organization. Consider the following:

Do you sell goods or services in the EU or UK?

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Do you have employees in the EU or UK?

Do persons from the EU or UK visit your website?

Do you monitor the behavior of persons within the EU?

If any of the above statements apply to your business, you’ll need to be GDPR compliant.

Document the personal data you process

Because GDPR hinges on the data you collect from consumers and what your business does with that data, you’ll need to get a complete picture of the personal data you’re collecting, processing, or otherwise interacting with. Follow these items to scope out your data practices: 

Identify and document every system (i.e. database, application, or vendor) that stores or processes EU- or UK-based personally identifiable information (PII).

Document the retention periods for PII in each system.

Determine whether you collect, store, or process “special categories” of data, including:

Racial or ethnic origins
Religious or philosophical beliefs
Genetic data
Health, sex life, or sexual orientation data
Political opinions
Trade union membership
Biometric data that could uniquely identify someone

Determine whether your documentation meets the GDPR requirements for Records of Processing Activities, that include information on:

The name and contact details of the controller
The purpose behind the processing of data
A description of the categories of data that will be processed
Who will receive the data 
Documentation of suitable safeguards for data transfers to a third country or an international organization
The retention period of the different categories of data
A general description of the technical and organizational security measures

Determine whether your documentation includes the following information about processing activities carried out by vendors on your behalf:

The name and contact details of the processor(s) and of each controller on behalf of which the processor is acting, and, where applicable, of the controller’s or the processor’s representative, and the data protection officer
The categories of processing carried out on behalf of each controller
Documentation of suitable safeguards for data transfers to a third country or an international organization
A general description of the technical and organizational security measures

Determine your legal grounds for processing data

GDPR establishes conditions that must be met before you can legally collect or process personal data. Make sure your organization is meeting the conditions listed below:

For each category of data and system/application, determine the lawful basis for processing based on one of the following conditions:

Consent of the data subject
Contract with the data subject
Necessary for compliance with a legal obligation
Necessary in order to protect the vital interests of the data subject or a third party
Necessary for the performance of a task in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the controller
Necessary for the purposes of the legitimate interests pursued by the controller or by a third party, except where such interests are overridden by the rights of the data subject

Review and update current customer and vendor contracts

For your organization to be fully GDPR compliant, the vendors you use must also maintain the privacy rights of your users’ and those rights should be reflected in your contracts with customers:

Review all customer and in-scope vendor contracts to determine that they have appropriate contract language (i.e. Data Protection Addendums with Standard Contractual Clauses).


Determine if you need a Data Protection Impact Assessment

A Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) is an assessment to determine what risks may arise from your data processing and steps to take to minimize them. Not all organizations need a DPIA, the following items will help you determine if you do:

Identify if your data processing is likely to create high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons. Considering if your processing involves any of the following:

Automated processing, including profiling, and on which decisions are based that produce legal effects
Special categories of data or data related to criminal convictions and offenses
Monitor any publicly accessible area on a large scale
If any of the above are true, you may need to conduct a data protection impact assessment for existing and new data projects.

Clearly communicate privacy and marketing consent practices

A fundamental element of GDPR compliance is informing consumers of their data privacy rights and requesting consent to collect or process their data. Ensure your website features the following:

A public-facing privacy policy which covers the use of all your products, services, and websites.

Notice to the data subject that include the essential details listed in GDPR Article 13.

Have a clear process for persons to change or withdraw consent.


Update internal privacy policies

Ensure that you have privacy policies that are up to the standards of GDPR:

Update internal privacy notices for EU employees.

Have an employee privacy policy that governs the collection and use of EU and UK employee data.

Determine if you need a data protection officer (DPO) based on one of the following conditions:

The data processing is carried out by a public authority
The core activities of the controller or processor require regular and systematic monitoring of data subjects on a large scale

Review compliance measures for external data transfers

Under GDPR, you’re responsible for protecting the data that you collect and if that data is transferred. Make your transfer process compliant by following these steps:

If you transfer, store, or process data outside the EU or UK, identify your legal basis for the data transfer. This is most likely covered by the standard contractual clauses.

Perform and document a transfer impact assessment (TIA).


Confirm you comply with additional data subject rights

Ensure you’re complying with the following data subject rights by considering the following questions:

Do you have a process for timely responding to requests for information, modifications, or deletion of PII?

Can you provide the subject information in a concise, transparent, intelligible, and easily accessible form, using clear and plain language?

Do you have a process for correcting or deleting data when requested?

Do you have an internal policy regarding a Compelled Disclosure from Law Enforcement?


Determine if you need an EU-based representative

Depending on how and where your organization is based, you may need a representative for your organization within the European Union. Take these steps to determine if this is necessary:

Determine whether an EU representative is needed. You may not need an EU-rep if the following conditions apply to your organization:

Data processing is occasional
Data processing is not done on a large scale
Data processing doesn’t include special categories or data related to criminal convictions and offenses
Doesn’t risk to the rights and freedoms of data subjects
A public authority or body

If the above conditions do not apply to you, appoint an EU-based representative.


Identify a lead data protection authority (DPA) if needed

GDPR compliance is supervised by the government of whatever EU member-state you’re operating in. If you’re operating in multiple member-states, you may need to determine who your lead data protection authority is:

Determine if you operate in more than one EU state.

If so, designate the supervisory authority of the main establishment to act as your DPA.


Implement employee training

Every employee in your organization provides a window for hackers to gain access to your systems and data. This is why it's important to train your employees on how to prevent security breaches and maintain data privacy:

Provide appropriate security awareness and privacy training to your staff.


Integrate data breach response requirements

GDPR requires you to create a plan for notifying users and minimizing the impact of a data breach. Examine your data breach response plan, by doing the following:

Create and implement an incident response plan which includes procedures for reporting a breach to EU and UK data subjects as well as appropriate data authorities.

Establish breach reporting policies that comply with all prescribed timelines and include all recipients (i.e. authorities, controllers, and data subjects).


Implement appropriate security measures

GDPR requires you to take measures to minimize the risk of a data breach. This includes security practices such as pseudonymization/encryption, maintaining confidentiality, restoration of access following physical/technical incidents, and regular testing of measures. Consider the following:

Have you implemented encryption of PII at rest and in transit?

Have you implemented pseudonymization?

Have you implemented appropriate physical security controls?

Have you implemented information security policies and procedures?

Can you access EU or UK PII data in the clear?

Do your technical and organizational measures ensure that, by default, only personal data that are necessary for each specific purpose of the processing are processed?


Streamline GDPR compliance with automation

GDPR compliance is an ongoing project that requires consistent upkeep with your system, vendors, and other factors that could break your compliance. Automation can help you stay on top of your ongoing GDPR compliance. The following items can help you streamline and organize your continuous compliance:

Explore tools for automating security and compliance.

Transform manual data collection and observation processes via continuous monitoring.

Download this checklist for easy reference

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GDPR compliance FAQs

In this section, we’ve answered some of the most common questions about GDPR compliance:

What are the seven GDPR requirements?

The requirements for GDPR compliance are based on a set of seven key principles:

  • Lawfulness, fairness, and transparency
  • Purpose limitation
  • Data minimization
  • Accuracy
  • Storage limitations
  • Integrity and confidentiality
  • Accountability

These are the seven requirements you must uphold to be GDPR compliant.

Is GDPR compliance required in the US?

GDPR compliance is mandatory for some US companies. GDPR compliance is not based on where your organization is located but whose data you collect, store, or process. Regardless of where your organization is based, you must comply with GDPR if you are collecting or processing data from EU residents.

What are the four key components of GDPR?

The four components of GDPR include:

  • Data protection principles
  • Rights of data subjects
  • Legal bases for data processing
  • Responsibilities and obligations of data controllers and processors

Safeguard your business with GDPR compliance

If your organization collects data from EU residents, GDPR compliance is mandatory for you. It’s important to follow the steps listed above to protect your business from heavy fines and to respect the data privacy rights of consumers. 

Vanta provides compliance automation tools and continuous monitoring capabilities that can help you get and stay GDPR compliant. Learn more about getting GDPR compliance with Vanta.


Pre-work for your SOC 2 compliance

Choose the right type of SOC 2 report:

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Determine the framework for your SOC 2 report. Of the five Trust Service Criteria in SOC 2, every organization needs to comply with the first criteria (security), but you only need to assess and document the other criteria that apply. Determining your framework involves deciding which Trust Service Criteria and controls are applicable to your business using our Trust Service Criteria Guide.

Estimate the resources you expect to need. This will vary depending on how closely you already align with SOC 2 security controls, but it can include several costs such as:

Compliance software

Engineers and potentially consultants

Security tools, such as access control systems

Administrative resources to draft security policies

Auditing for your compliance certification

Choose the right type of SOC 2 report:

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?

Do you sell goods or services to EU businesses, consumers, or both?


Work toward SOC 2 compliance

Begin with an initial assessment of your system using compliance automation software to determine which necessary controls and practices you have already implemented and which you still need to put in place.

Review your Vanta report to determine any controls and protocols within the “Security” Trust Service Criteria that you do not yet meet and implement these one by one. These are multi-tiered controls across several categories of security, including:

CC1: Control Environment

CC2: Communication and Information

CC3: Risk Assessment

CC4: Monitoring Activities

CC5: Control Activities

CC6: Logical and Physical Access Controls

CC7: System Operations

CC8: Change Management

CC9: Risk Mitigation

Using Vanta’s initial assessment report as a to-do list, address each of the applicable controls in the other Trust Services Criteria that you identified in your initial framework, but that you have not yet implemented.

Using Vanta’s initial assessment report, draft security policies and protocols that adhere to the standards outlined in SOC 2. 

Vanta’s tool includes thorough and user-friendly templates to make this simpler and save time for your team.

Run Vanta’s automated compliance software again to determine if you have met all the necessary criteria and controls for your SOC 2 report and to document your compliance with these controls.


Complete a SOC 2 report audit

Select and hire an auditor affiliated with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), the organization that developed and supports SOC 2.

Complete a readiness assessment with this auditor to determine if you have met the minimum standards to undergo a full audit.

If your readiness assessment indicates that there are SOC 2 controls you need to address before your audit, complete these requirements. However, if you have automated compliance software to guide your preparations and your SOC 2 compliance, this is unlikely.

Undergo a full audit with your SOC 2 report auditor. This may involve weeks or longer of working with your auditor to provide the documentation they need. Vanta simplifies your audit, however, by compiling your compliance evidence and documentation into one platform your auditor can access directly.

When you pass your audit, the auditor will present you with your SOC 2 report to document and verify your compliance.


Maintain your SOC 2 compliance annually

Establish a system or protocol to regularly monitor your SOC 2 compliance and identify any breaches of your compliance, as this can happen with system updates and changes.

Promptly address any gaps in your compliance that arise, rather than waiting until your next audit.

Undergo a SOC 2 re-certification audit each year with your chosen SOC 2 auditor to renew your certification.

Download this checklist for easy reference

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Prioritizing Your Security and Opening Doors with SOC 2 Compliance

Information security is a vital priority for any business today from an ethical standpoint and from a business standpoint. Not only could a data breach jeopardize your revenue but many of your future clients and partners may require a SOC 2 report before they consider your organization. Achieving and maintaining your SOC 2 compliance can open countless doors, and you can simplify the process with the help of the checklist above and Vanta s compliance automation software. Request a demo today to learn more about how we can help you protect and grow your organization.

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Develop a roadmap for successful implementation of an ISMS and ISO 27001 certification

Implement Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA) process to recognize challenges and identify gaps for remediation

Consider ISO 27001 certification costs relative to org size and number of employees

Clearly define scope of work to plan certification time to completion

Select an ISO 27001 auditor


Set the scope of your organization’s ISMS

Decide which business areas are covered by the ISMS and which are out of scope

Consider additional security controls for business processes that are required to pass ISMS-protected information across the trust boundary

Inform stakeholders regarding scope of the ISMS


Establish an ISMS governing body

Build a governance team with management oversight

Incorporate key members of top management, e.g. senior leadership and executive management with responsibility for strategy and resource allocation


Conduct an inventory of information assets

Consider all assets where information is stored, processed, and accessible

  • Record information assets: data and people
  • Record physical assets: laptops, servers, and physical building locations
  • Record intangible assets: intellectual property, brand, and reputation

Assign to each asset a classification and owner responsible for ensuring the asset is appropriately inventoried, classified, protected, and handled


Execute a risk assessment

Establish and document a risk-management framework to ensure consistency

Identify scenarios in which information, systems, or services could be compromised

Determine likelihood or frequency with which these scenarios could occur

Evaluate potential impact of each scenario on confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information, systems, and services

Rank risk scenarios based on overall risk to the organization’s objectives


Develop a risk register

Record and manage your organization’s risks

Summarize each identified risk

Indicate the impact and likelihood of each risk


Document a risk treatment plan

Design a response for each risk (Risk Treatment)

Assign an accountable owner to each identified risk

Assign risk mitigation activity owners

Establish target dates for completion of risk treatment activities


Complete the Statement of Applicability worksheet

Review 114 controls of Annex A of ISO 27001 standard

Select controls to address identified risks

Complete the Statement of Applicability listing all Annex A controls, justifying inclusion or exclusion of each control in the ISMS implementation


Continuously assess and manage risk

Build a framework for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving the ISMS

Include information or references to supporting documentation regarding:

  • Information Security Objectives
  • Leadership and Commitment
  • Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities
  • Approach to Assessing and Treating Risk
  • Control of Documented Information
  • Communication
  • Internal Audit
  • Management Review
  • Corrective Action and Continual Improvement
  • Policy Violations

Assemble required documents and records

Review ISO 27001 Required Documents and Records list

Customize policy templates with organization-specific policies, process, and language


Establish employee training and awareness programs

Conduct regular trainings to ensure awareness of new policies and procedures

Define expectations for personnel regarding their role in ISMS maintenance

Train personnel on common threats facing your organization and how to respond

Establish disciplinary or sanctions policies or processes for personnel found out of compliance with information security requirements


Perform an internal audit

Allocate internal resources with necessary competencies who are independent of ISMS development and maintenance, or engage an independent third party 

Verify conformance with requirements from Annex A deemed applicable in your ISMS's Statement of Applicability

Share internal audit results, including nonconformities, with the ISMS governing body and senior management

Address identified issues before proceeding with the external audit


Undergo external audit of ISMS to obtain ISO 27001 certification

Engage an independent ISO 27001 auditor

Conduct Stage 1 Audit consisting of an extensive documentation review; obtain feedback regarding readiness to move to Stage 2 Audit

Conduct Stage 2 Audit consisting of tests performed on the ISMS to ensure proper design, implementation, and ongoing functionality; evaluate fairness, suitability, and effective implementation and operation of controls


Address any nonconformities

Ensure that all requirements of the ISO 27001 standard are being addressed

Ensure org is following processes that it has specified and documented

Ensure org is upholding contractual requirements with third parties

Address specific nonconformities identified by the ISO 27001 auditor

Receive auditor’s formal validation following resolution of nonconformities


Conduct regular management reviews

Plan reviews at least once per year; consider a quarterly review cycle 

Ensure the ISMS and its objectives continue to remain appropriate and effective

Ensure that senior management remains informed

Ensure adjustments to address risks or deficiencies can be promptly implemented


Calendar ISO 27001 audit schedule and surveillance audit schedules

Perform a full ISO 27001 audit once every three years

Prepare to perform surveillance audits in the second and third years of the Certification Cycle


Consider streamlining ISO 27001 certification with automation

Transform manual data collection and observation processes into automated and continuous system monitoring

Identify and close any gaps in ISMS implementation in a timely manner


Learn more about achieving ISO 27001 certification with Vanta

Book an ISO 27001 demo with Vanta

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Determine which annual audits and assessments are required for your company

Perform a readiness assessment and evaluate your security against HIPAA requirements

Review the U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights Audit Protocol


Conduct required HIPAA compliance audits and assessments

Perform and document ongoing technical and non-technical evaluations, internally or in partnership with a third-party security and compliance team like Vanta


Document your plans and put them into action

Document every step of building, implementing, and assessing your compliance program

Vanta’s automated compliance reporting can streamline planning and documentation


Appoint a security and compliance point person in your company

Designate an employee as your HIPAA Compliance Officer


Schedule annual HIPAA training for all employees

Distribute HIPAA policies and procedures and ensure staff read and attest to their review


Document employee trainings and other compliance activities

Thoroughly document employee training processes, activities, and attestations


Establish and communicate clear breach report processes
to all employees

Ensure that staff understand what constitutes a HIPAA breach, and how to report a breach

Implement systems to track security incidents, and to document and report all breaches


Institute an annual review process

Annually assess compliance activities against theHIPAA Rules and updates to HIPAA


Continuously assess and manage risk

Build a year-round risk management program and integrate continuous monitoring

Understand the ins and outs of HIPAA compliance— and the costs of noncompliance

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Access Review Stage Content / Functionality
Across all stages
  • Easily create and save a new access review at a point in time
  • View detailed audit evidence of historical access reviews
Setup access review procedures
  • Define a global access review procedure that stakeholders can follow, ensuring consistency and mitigation of human error in reviews
  • Set your access review frequency (monthly, quarterly, etc.) and working period/deadlines
Consolidate account access data from systems
  • Integrate systems using dozens of pre-built integrations, or “connectors”. System account and HRIS data is pulled into Vanta.
  • Upcoming integrations include Zoom and Intercom (account access), and Personio (HRIS)
  • Upload access files from non-integrated systems
  • View and select systems in-scope for the review
Review, approve, and deny user access
  • Select the appropriate systems reviewer and due date
  • Get automatic notifications and reminders to systems reviewer of deadlines
  • Automatic flagging of “risky” employee accounts that have been terminated or switched departments
  • Intuitive interface to see all accounts with access, account accept/deny buttons, and notes section
  • Track progress of individual systems access reviews and see accounts that need to be removed or have access modified
  • Bulk sort, filter, and alter accounts based on account roles and employee title
Assign remediation tasks to system owners
  • Built-in remediation workflow for reviewers to request access changes and for admin to view and manage requests
  • Optional task tracker integration to create tickets for any access changes and provide visibility to the status of tickets and remediation
Verify changes to access
  • Focused view of accounts flagged for access changes for easy tracking and management
  • Automated evidence of remediation completion displayed for integrated systems
  • Manual evidence of remediation can be uploaded for non-integrated systems
Report and re-evaluate results
  • Auditor can log into Vanta to see history of all completed access reviews
  • Internals can see status of reviews in progress and also historical review detail

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